Edith Piaf dedicated her recording of this song to the French Foreign Legion. At the time of the recording France was engaged in the Algerian War (1954-1962) and the 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment which, backed a temporary putsch of 1961 by the French military against the civilian leadership of Algeria, adopted the song when their resistance was broken. The leadership of the Regiment was arrested and tried. The non-commissioned officers, corporals and Legionnaires were assigned to other Foreign Legion formations. The song became part of the French Foreign Legion heritage.
Edith Piaf (born Edith Giovanna Gassion, December 19, 1915 - October 10, 1963) was a French singer-songwriter, cabaret performer and film actress. Piaf's music was often autobiographical and she specialized in chanson and torch ballads about love, loss and sorrow.